The summer of 2006 marks the third anniversary of the beginning of this class action lawsuit, yet I am just beginning to receive understanding from the Lord why this document was necessary.  After all, the Bible is a totally legal, binding and official document of our inheritance.  It is the last will and testament of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.  This is the way the explanation came to me.

We are citizens of the kingdom of heaven on assignment here on earth.  Our kingdom has a King (The Lord Jesus) Who is also The Judge.  Isaiah 33:22 says, “For the Lord is our Judge, the Lord is our Lawgiver, the Lord is our King; He will save us.”  The bible says in Hebrews 10:30 ”…The Lord will judge and determine and solve and settle the cause and the cases of His people.”

According to Isaiah 9:6-7, our kingdom has a government that is ruled by our King: “…For to us a Child is born, to us a Son is given; and the government shall be upon His shoulder,… Of the increase of His government and of peace there shall be no end…”  We have a heavenly court system.  Daniel 7:10 says “…the Judge was seated [the court was in session]… and Daniel 7:26 says “But the judgment shall be set [by the court of the Most High]…”  The judgments of this court are legal and binding. 

On earth, we have two kinds of law: criminal and civil.  I found an article giving an excellent description of both systems.  This article is entitled “Criminal versus Civil Remedies for Intentional Wrongs” by Wendy McElroy, August 13, 2004.  Below are excerpts from that article in which I have emphasized certain parts by underlining.

… both criminal and civil courts can be used to address the same offense … Because criminal and civil courts express distinct paradigms of law, the two trials are not deemed to constitute double jeopardy.

Criminal law is intended to prohibit specific acts, such as murder or rape, and to punish the committing of those acts. Because crimes are viewed as acts against society — that is, against the state — the government is always the party bringing charges against a defendant.

Civil law, as encountered by the average person, is broken into two general subdivisions: contracts and torts. Contract law addresses written or oral agreements that are in dispute or have been breached in some manner. Torts are wrongs or harms that have been inflicted by one person upon another, either intentionally or through negligence.

If a defendant is deemed to have acted unreasonably, e.g., broken a contract or caused intentional damage to property, then he may be subject to various remedies to restore the victim to a “whole” position

The proper purposes of civil law are generally stated as compensation for actual damages suffered by the victim and, in cases of intentional wrongs, where both compensatory and punitive damages are recoverable, compensation and deterrence.

It has always been possible to try many criminal offenses in both criminal and civil court at different times or at the same time. This allows the victim to access both types of remedies against a guilty defendant, that is, both imprisonment and compensation for damages. It should also be noted that the criminal law does provide for an order of restitution, whereby the court orders the defendant to reimburse losses suffered by the victim.

The following excerpt is from “Differences between Civil and Criminal Law in the USA” by Ronald B. Standler.

In general, a losing defendant in civil litigation… reimburses the plaintiff for losses caused by the defendant's behavior.